Privacy Issues Surrounding Biometric Technology

The terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center have provoked in-depth discussion and study of existing security measures, their deficiencies, and how to enhance security to prevent similar terrorist attacks from occurring in the future. Biometric technology has risen to the top of the list as a possible solution. The government is not the only entity exploring biometric security systems. The financial services industry see biometrics as a way to curb identity theft. Biometrics are intrinsic physical characteristics used to identify individuals. The most commonly used biometric is fingerprints but others include, handprints, facial features, iris & retinal scans, and voice recognition.

Soon after 9/11 there were calls for the issuance of national ID cards containing biometric information on an RFID chip implanted on the card. The argument is that national ID cards will increase security by identifying individuals with their unique fingerprints which are much more difficult to counterfeit than standard photo ID cards. There is also a movement toward biometric passports. It looks like biometric passports are coming soon. National ID cards may follow.

Biometric identification is nothing new. Humans have been identifying other humans biometrically since the beginning of time. You recognize people you know by their facial features, their voice, and other biometric features. What’s new is introducing technology into the mix that compares a given biometric with a stored database of biometrics to verify the identity of an individual. An individual place their finger on a fingerprint scanner and the image is compared with the database to verify the person’s identity. Promising as it is, biometric technology has not been without hiccups but biometrics are advancing quickly and becoming more and more prevalent in security systems.

Fingerprints are the most commonly used biometric identifiers. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) conducted a study that showed single fingerprint biometric systems had a 98.6 percent accuracy rate. The accuracy rate rose to 99.6 percent when 2 fingerprints were used and an almost perfect 99.9 percent when 4 or more fingerprints were used. The study results show that biometric identification is nearly perfect which is not surprising given the uniqueness of human fingerprints.

The US-VISIT program, which is an acronym for United States Visitor & Immigrant Status Indicator Technology, currently requires foreign visitors to the US to present a biometric passport containing 2 fingerprints and a digital photo for identification purposes before being granted admission to the U.S. Of course the biometrics are compared against a vast network of government databases full of known and suspected terrorists and other criminals.

On the surface biometric technology may sound like a panacea but it’s use has raised significant privacy concerns that need to be addressed. Here are six major privacy concerns: storage, vulnerability, confidence, authenticity, linking, and ubiquity.

Critics wonder how the data will be stored and how vulnerable it will be to theft or abuse. Confidence issues center around the implications of false positives and false negatives. Can the biometric data be used to link to other information about the individual such as marital status, religion, employment status, etc.? And finally ubiquity. What are the implications of leaving electronic “bread crumbs” to mark a trail detailing every movement an individual makes?

Until these issues are addressed, privacy advocates will lead a charge to resist biometric technology claiming it as a way for the government to assume a “Big Brother” type of rule as described in George Orwell’s novel 1984. But protest as they may, it’s likely national security concerns and the ability of biometric systems to enhance the security of US border and possibly prevent another major terrorist attack will win out over privacy concerns.

5 Reasons Why Fiber Optic Patch Cables Are Beneficial

In the modern era of technology, fiber optics has started to play an important role in data transfer and communication. The data transfer that happens in these cables is based upon the technology of optical networks. Light waves are encoded and modulated to send and receive data. And fiber optic patch cables play an important role in completing the end-to-end connection of systems using this technology.

First of all, let us understand what makes the optical fiber communication important. The fiber optics makes sure that certain desired properties of any communication are satisfied. And the quality that they maintain with respect to these properties makes using these network cables desirable.

Interestingly, the fiber optic patch cables require being compatible with all these properties to keep up with the network quality. So the attributes desirable of the fiber cables are also good for the patches. Some of the important properties are listed below.

Rate of data transfer: Data of high volume can easily be transferred using the optic cables. In fact, with the mainline network cables, one can transfer terabytes of data every second as done in case of the worldwide Internet exchange data. The same can be said about the fiber optic patch cables. The bandwidth of these cables is extremely high.

Speed of communication: The physical communication happens over modulated waves of light. As a result, the speed of communication is extremely fast with the fiber optic networks. One can use these networks to access real time data across the globe. The patch cables are compatible with the speed and they can transfer data at the same speed as the main network cable.

Absence of attenuation: Attenuation of signal is a critical factor in most of the networks. However, for an optical network, this is practically absent. The data can traverse along the network with no amplifier installed in the route. The patch cables also do not attenuate the data.

Accuracy of transferred data: The transfer of data takes place with a high degree of accuracy. The data suffers from practically no external hindrance. No signal coming form outside really changes anything about the data. As a result, the data transfer preserves the accuracy of information exchange. The fiber optic patch cables maintain high levels of accuracy when it comes to data transfer.

Security factors: Fiber optic patch cables are as secure as the overall optical fiber network. They are extremely difficult to break into and hence the possibility of data leaking out of the network is practically minimal.

All of the above makes using fiber optic patch cables beneficial when it comes to real life application. Make sure that you have got the right patch with the right length and aperture, and you are all set to enjoy the benefits of a secure and high speed communication.

Forex Education – 4 Tips for Getting the Best Education To Win

Forex trading looks simple yet few succeed – 95% of new traders lose their money and only 5% win. This may seem an odd fact when anyone has the potential to learn forex trading.

The answer is most traders simply learn the wrong forex education and this article will give 4 tips to get the right education and win.

Firstly the growth of the internet has led to a lot more information becoming available to forex traders and some of it is very good – but most of it is junk and will simply ensure you lose and this leads us to our first tip.

1. Be wary of vendors selling education on the net

Most of them make me laugh for $ 100 or so I can get a system to make me regular profits every day, trade with 80% accuracy or even make me a millionaire – all for a few hundred dollars!

Do not buy them – they will not help your forex education.

There simply marketing guys not traders – if they were, they would shut up and trade for themselves, if making money was as easy as they say they would not need me or you.

2. Do not learn the wrong Knowledge!

There are many myths that have beenpetrated on the net mostly by vendors and let's start with the largest one – forex day trading works.

No it does not, day traders do not make money – period

All short term volatility is random, so it can not – that's why you never see a day trader with a real time track record of profits.

Scientific theories are a great way to make money, another stupid myth.

If markets moved to scientific theory, we would all know the price in advance and there would be no market, yet new traders still learn junk theories like Elliot wave and Fibonacci numbers, lose and wonder why.

3. Get Knowledge from the real pro's

You can do this simply by going to Amazon.com and you can get some really good forex education from traders who have walked the walk, rather than simply talk the talk.

For about $ 100 or so you can get some great advice (see our top 10 books for traders) and get them. They will inspire you and give you a good solid grounding in what it takes to be a successful forex trader.

This is an investment in your forex education that is well worth the money.

4. Work Smart Not Hard

Forex education involves working smart not hard and learning the right knowledge.

If you want to learn forex trading ALL that you need to build a successful system is available free on the net.

See our other articles, there is some great information on technical analysis, formations and indicators and it's all free.

You do not get rewarded for the effort you put into forex trading you get your reward from being right with your forex signals – nothing else. All you need to do is get the right info and you can become a successful trader.

CONSIDER THIS FACT

In 1983 Legendary trader Richard Dennis to prove that traders could be taught took 23 traders with no trading experience and taught them to trade in 14 days.

These traders went on to make Dennis $ 100 million dollars! The story is told in "The way of the turtle" and also Market Wizards – Get these books and you will see that Dennis made them focus on the RIGHT education to win with no filler.

Now you may not make as much money as the turtles but anyone can learn to trade and learn to win if they focus on the right education – you just need to find it digest it, apply it and hopefully this article will have pointed you in the right direction – Good luck.

Traveling in the United States

You have lived in one state, one city all your life and now you want to see more of the United States. To begin a traveling adventure in the United States requires some research. You will need to go online or pay a visit to your local library to get books on traveling within the U.S… You will need to narrow your search down a little bit however because you will never be able to read all the books that are on traveling within the U.S…

Budget could be a deciding factor as to what type of books you will want to get. You may want to check out budget friendly books for family travel. In these types of books you will find the best travel location for a family on a budget. The best places to visit for children and adults. These types of books on traveling within the U.S. will show your places that include package deals. Deals that have entrance fees, hotels and meals all included in one bargain price. If you are traveling within the U.S. with a significant other you may want to check out books with other options.

Traveling within the U.S. with your significant other may make you check out books on bed and breakfasts. This way you can be romantic, relax and see some of the quiet country sides of the United States. These trips can be focused on your likes such as history, skiing, beaches or just romance. If you are traveling alone you might be looking for something totally different.

If you are traveling by yourself within the U.S. you might want to check out books that talk about interesting restaurants, beaches or places to meet other people. You may want to check out books that talk about traveling within the U.S. to secluded places where you can just disappear from the rest of the world for a few days.

No matter what you’re reasoning for traveling within the U.S. the internet is the first place you want to go to do research on your destination or to narrow down where your destination might be. You can also go to your local bookstore and if they don’t have what you are looking for they will be willing to order it in. If you are not sure at all where you want to go head to a local travel agent, they will be able to help you narrow down your choices. They will also lead you to some good books about traveling within the U.S. Good luck on your journey and have fun.